VG-21 Squadron






From The Editor(s)

We both have been really sick (Lee twice) during December so we did not put up our Christmas tree or send out cards. It’s been a long time since we felt so rotten. Although we aren’t back to normal yet, we know the newsletter is late and the show must go on (or something like that).

The VG-21 Squadron and Newsletter will continue thanks to Max Bishop. We know he will do an outstanding job. Just like the Beerys, he will be looking for members’ contributions. Soon we will be shipping all of the VG-21 files and data to Max plus what is in the VG-21 bank account.

Varga Operations Manual

Thanks to Tom Williams, we have a very few Operation Manuals (35 pages, illustrated, spiral bound, with eleven sections containing aircraft information in the form of schematics, tables, speed(s), and weight and balance info. If you would like, send $10 for the “cigar box”. It will save us from mailing these to Max.

Members’ Contributions

Len Peters, Shinn N5127V. “Our project to get new springs made was successful, with 110 springs sent to 18 owners on Nov. 28. There are still a few left, available at a maximum of 4 springs per owners
@ $9 each postpaid. Send your order and check to Len Peters, 1003 Tahiti Ln., Alameda, CA 94502.”

In October, we sent c-mails to all on record that member Len Peters had found a source for new exhaust springs in stainless steel, exact
replacements. We asked for a show of interest and got a good response. Order entered, delivery received Nov. 28. The springs look great.


Dave Casey, Morrisey N51002V “The Second Annual Central Coast VargaFest took place during the flrst week in September at Santa Maria and was another huge success. Three local Vargas were joined by three others from Northern Cal and Reno. In addition, squadron members from as far away as London, Phoenix and Colorado Springs joined in the festivities under sunny skies and a cool breeze. Friday night, Officers Call at the Raddison Bar provided a great opportunity for renewing old friendships and making new ones. The maintenance hangar seminar on Saturday consisted of the customary burgers and the examination of the newly complete restoration of 88J. The festivities continued with museum tours and a Dining In at the Raddison on Saturday evening. On Sunday morning, delightful fall weather permitted a Dawn Patrol launch and aerial tour of the Central California Coast and wine country, followed by lunch at the Rock n Roll Café in Oceana. VargaFest 08 is tentatively planned for October 08 in conjunction with the Copperstate EAA fly-in.”

Greg Judy, Varga N5102V Greg is asking for suggestions on how to have a successful VG-21 fly-in down in the Dallas/Ft. Worth area. Greg is looking at May 24-25,08 as a possible date. There are a number of VG-21 aircraft in the Lone Star State. He is looking for some help from those folks. Possible sites for this gathering is Arlington (GKY) or Grand Prairie (GPM).

Mark Oliver, Shinn C-F11Z (Mark makes his home in Canada. Aircraft maintenance is remarkably different than in the US,) “We have spent the past 2-1/2 years going through C-F11Z. Overall the plane bad a general need for TLC, numerous repairs, crazed glass, flaking paint with minor hail damage, cracked gel coat on cowling and upper boot cowl from a previous remote compass installation, grinding gyros, vacuum pump blowing by oil, tired radios, a myriad of unnecessary antennas, dried out/cracked fuel hoses and SCAT tubing, engine baffles, etc etc.

In the end, we fabricated a complete new lower cowl, upper boot cowl, replaced all the glass, stripped and painted the entire plane, redid the instrument panel with a Dynon EWFIS to replace the worn out gyros (w/analog backups for partial panel), installed a Vision Microsystems engine monitoring package, new Terra 760 comm & intercom, removed some tired nav/comms & antennas, redid a previously done flap repair, new fuel hoses & SCAT tubing, installed an oil separator on the crankcase breather, removed the vacuum system, repaired all the fiberglass parts, new wing attach bolts and most of the control system hardware, got the charging system working again, redid some wiring largely associated with the panel rework & cleaned up the fuse panel, repaired a cracked air intake to the carb, new insulation on the side/bottom panels & firewall, serviced the engine, rebuilt most of the engine baffling. Looking back, I guess I see where the 2-1/2 years went.

Where this ties into your latest Maintenance Item is that all of the above work was done under Transport Canada’s recent ‘Owner Maintenance Category’. Transport Canada created the category partially in recognition that maintaining some older aircraft was becoming more difficult and exceedingly expensive within the confines of full certification and in cases was potentially hampering aviation safety. The category effectively allows maintenance similar to amateur built (Canada’s Experimental/Homebuilt class) standards although in reality it is more restrictive in that major modifications are not allowed. What it does allow is uncertified parts to be utilized, or parts to be manufactured in cases where original OEM parts may no longer be available, and for the owners to sign off the maintenance and repairs to the aircraft. We put the Shinn into this category for exactly these reasons.

When we looked at upgrading the engine monitoring system, as the existing Smart Engine analyzer wasn’t working properly, we were able to utilize a Vision Microsystems VM1000 from a wrecked G202. This will allow us to better monitor the health of an engine that is in the last half of its TBO, but still runs well and checks out fine. We may still overhaul or change the engine next year as an additional bit of insurance. We’ll also have some more options at that time, in that we can use some uncertified parts (ic. cylinders/pistons, etc) that arguably are better than their certified counterparts for the same or less.

By being able to do the work ourselves, we could take the time to fabricate complete replacement panels for the lower cowling, upper boot cowl, & replace most of the engine baffling instead of continuing to band-aid them along. The same goes for the time to replace fuel hoses, SCAT tubing, fiberglass repairs, painting, removing/inspecting control push/pull tubes, replacing control system hardware, etc. This work was all done with AN hardware and aircraft quality materials and workmanship standards. The cost to have a shop do this is prohibitive to most and so I believe a lot of planes end up limping along with the bare minimum rather than getting the repairs/upgrades they really need. Additionally, when components such as exhausts, landing gear parts, etc. require replacement in the future, we’ll be able to replace them more readily with more options available to us to achieve high quality repairs.

However, I don’t want to give you the wrong impression. I agree wholeheartedly with your assessment that not all owners should own a screwdriver, and that some mechanics are willing to overlook some sketchy repairs. The existing flap repair we redid was a prime example of the workmanship that you referred to in your newsletter. We could not find any log book entries to indicate that it had been repaired, but a hinge had obviously been replaced at some point in the life of the plane. Unfortunately, the quality of the replacement hinge was suspect and it was misaligned and caused the bottom skin to oil-can as you actuated the flaps. Luckily, there was no damage to the ribs/bottom skin and new aircraft quality hinge and more care in installation resolved the problem. I suspect it was a budget repair either by a previous owner or shade tree mechanic that didn’t want to put it in the log books.

My partner in the plane, Bob Rige, and myself are both Mechanical Engineers and have long backgrounds working on aircraft. We have signed off the maintenance/repairs ourselves, and I believe this is an important part of the Owner Maintenance category and where Transport Canada has been able to satisfy themselves there is no additional risk in comparison to a category such as amateur built. By requiring the owner, who must be a licensed pilot, to sign off the maintenance/repairs, there is more ‘skin in the game’ and I believe a reduced tendency to perform shady repairs and hope the mechanic signing off the annual either overlooks it or doesn’t catch it thereby trying to transfer the liability to him. Additionally, the increased flexibility of reasonably priced, but good quality uncertified parts for the homebuilt market reduces the incentive to band-aid a problem along.


Varga Radio Control Model

About three years ago, Lee decided to build a scale model of our Varga. After spending several hours taking dozens of measurements, he began drawing plans. By accident, he learned that VG-21 member, Greg Judy, could be of great help by cutting out the balsa parts by machine, a great time saver. After much grinding of teeth, the electric power model was ready to fly. Sorry to say, Lee has had two test flights and two crashes. He didn’t trust his flying skill, so he had the best model pilot in our area do the flying. After the last crash (always drop left wing on take off and cart wheels) he said no more flights until he installed ailerons. He had built it with rudder and elevator controls which is all many models have. So now, he has reworked the model with scale size ailerons (a big undertaking), and they are ready for test flight number three. Keep your fingers crossed, no more crashes, please! And thanks again, Greg, for all of your help. We can e-mail pics of it if anyone is interested.

One Last Time

So this is it, folks. This last Newsletter has been quite a challenge. The illness of both of us has been followed by numerous weather-related power outages. We’ve enjoyed our years trying to keep our great planes flying and making many great friends along the way, but we are simply burned out. Knowing Max is taking over is a real stroke of luck. Max, thank you so very much. And heartfelt thanks to those that expressed their appreciation for our time and effort. They meant a lot.

Pat & Lee

Max Bishop
2062 W. Gila Ln.
Chandler, AZ 85224
Phones: Home — 480-786-3578; Cell — 480-201-6553
E-Mails: ; or



MAINTENANCE ITEM #31 - Newsletter #59
(by Lee Beery)
Recently, during our aircraft annual, I disassembled, cleaned and inspected the nose gear assembly. I then replaced the 0-rings (2) and installed a new oil seal. (See Maintenance Item #23.) I then installed the correct amount of hydraulic oil and reinstalled the assembly. Then I added the bearings lubricating oil (I use chain saw “bar” lube). Before I reinstalled the screw in the bearing lubrication port of the outer cylinder, I removed the nose gear support. With the aircraft weight now on all three gears, I pulled down and pushed up on the propeller to cycle the nose gear to achieve maximum travel. When I did this, I could hear rushing in and out of the lubrication port.

I explained all of this to Max Bishop and we think we may now know what it is so hard to keep that lubrication oil in the gear assemblies. When the aircraft becomes airborne, the springs extend the gears, increasing the air capacity of the assembly. The easy route for the air to enter is past the oil seal. When the aircraft lands, the air in the cylinder is compressed and with oil sitting on top of the oil seal when the air is forced out past the oil seal, it takes some oil with it.
This is just a theory but I am in the process of testing this theory and will report my findings in future newsletters.


Joe Atkinson, 636 E. Deepdale Rd., Phoenix, AZ 85022 
Richard Axelrod, Box 471, Lyndonville, VT 05851 (Caledonia Flying Club)
Nelson Baker, 344 E. Beech, Alliance, 011 44601
Barnstorming Adventures, 6743 Moiitia Ct., Carlsbad, CA 92009-3323
Tim Beaseman, 9404 Bellhall Dr., Baltimore, MD 21236
Pat & Lee Beery, 3450 Shoreline View Way, Kelseyville CA 95451
Brian & Helen Beulen, 5225 E Elmwood Cr, Mesa AZ 85205
Frank J. Beyer., 15609 Hendryx St., Goodard, KS 67052
Max Bishop, 2062 West Gila Ln., Chandler, AZ 85224
Bill Bolster, Box 1041, Joshua Tree, CA 92252
Mark Burns, 1109 Westmoor P1., St. Louis, MO 63131
Tom Burwinkle, 150 Shady Oaks Ln, Kingston, TN 37763 
Dave Stevenson, 184 Tanasi Trail, Kingston, TN 378763
Jeff Bynum, 84U Market Ave N, North-Canton, 011 44721 
Darren Carriker, 4028 Landisburg, Tr. 1, Keller, TX 76248 
Dave Casey, Box 2309, Avila Beach, CA 93424 
Brian Chersky, 201 S Camden Dr, Beverly Hills, CA 90212
Bill & Janet Clark, Box 1872, East Sound, WA 98245 
Donald Conley, 1220 So. Georgia, Amarfflo, TX 79105 
Shirley DaMotta, 1218 K Sea Breeze Dr. Gilbert, AZ 85234-2638   
Tom Darrow, 5505 Hettinger Pl. Fallon, NV 89406      
Trammel Davis, 4940 Langdale Way, Colorado Springs, CO 80906 
John Downing, 4360 Bonaparte Dr., Tucker, GA       
James Doyle, 23355 Gold Springs Dr., Columbia, CA 95310   
Bob DuSair, Box 2549, Avila Beach, CA, 93424    
Jerry Eldrige, P. O. Box 1034, Big Fork, MT   
Richard Fox, 5689 Pebble Dr., Fredrick, MO. 21703  
Mark Gaily, 3120 Franklin St., Apt. 1, San Francisco, CA 94123  
Larry Gruber, 12289 W 250N, Delphi, IN, 46923     
John Gurley, 1400 Colorado St. C, Boulder City, NV 89005  
Carl Hamlin, 1073 Arrowhead Rd., Camano Island, WA 98282 
George Hamm, 754 Aviator Dr., Fort Worth, TX 76179      
Howard Hall, 31 High Rd., Rayleigh Essex SS 67 SA, UK  
Tom Herr, 901 Daytona Ave., Holly Hill, FL 32117  
Alex Hasapis, 4 Basin St., Plum Island, MA 01950  
Fred Hoese, 30130 Bulverde Ln, Bulverde, TX 78163  
Robert Hunt, 215 Lowell Aye, Altoona, PA 16602     
Norman Isler, 3631 County Liii Rd., Brockport, NY 14420         
Ken Joyce, 13619 Brannon Ct.., Nevada City, CA 95959        
Greg Judy, 212 Freedom Lane, Arlington, TX 76002       
Rolf Lehmann, 194 Tamal Vista Dr. San Rafael, CA 94901        
Larry Lewis, P.O. Box265, Palmer, AK 99645        
Robert Lucas, 4422 Devil’s Bole Rd., Pemberville, OH 43450        

Robert McArdle, 4383 Bloomdale Rd., Bloomdale, OH 44817        
Michael McNally, 16487 N. 1ę6f1., Scottsdale, AZ 85255        
Bill Merkin, 1800 Lindberg Ln, Daytona Beach, FL 32124        
Harry Mertz, 7938 BerkNhire Ln, Castle Rock, CO 80108        
Danny & Janet Miller, Box 2026 , Gulfport, MS 39505        
Joe Miller, Box 308, Pocono Pines, PA 18350        
Harry Mitchell, 10198 Circle West, Meadville, PA        
D, C., Mosbey,P.O. Box 322, Sutherland, VA 23885         
Paul and Bett Moses, Jr., P.O. Box 190577, Mobile, AL 36619         
MarkOliver, 247 Parkland CR SE Calgary, AB T2J3Y4 CANADA        
Dean Owen, 250 Valley View Rd, Morehead, KY 40351        
Len Peters, 1003 Tahiti Lu, Alameda, CA 94502        
Dwight Phillips, 10212 Windor Lane, Houston, TX 77031        
Jon Proehl, 45 Myrtlewood Cl, Reno, NV 89511        
Claude Redmon, 7029 NC 8 HWY South, Germanton, NC 27019        
Walter & Jane Ruehle, 14000 E Progress Way, Aurora, CO 80015       
Rodney Scheel, 1808 Connell Dr., Fergus Falls, MN 56537       
Mark Schlamer,N1486 South Lake Rd., Campbellsport, WI 53010         
Max Schuermann, 3215 N. Mistletoe Rd., Sand Springs, OK 74063     
George Shaw, 8924 Cherokee Tn, Tyler, TX 75703         
Cliff Shinn, 77-720 Cove Pointe Circle, Indian Wells, CA 92210         
David Shirey, 5599 Saint Clair Hwy, East China, MI 48054         
Jeff Sonheim, 498 Debonair Dr, Los Lunas, NM 87031        
Tom Stumpf, 8 Broadmoor Dr, Mechanicsburg, PA 17055        
Don Tate, 31797 Honey Locust Rd, Jonesburg, MO 63351        
Andrew Thomas, P. 0. Box 639, Alexander AL 35011       
Andy Veronis, 341 Hickory Nut Ct., Pasadena, MD 21122        
Richard Vickers, 3302 Sawmill Rd, Newtown Square, PA 19073    
Susan Victor, 458 145mn Ave., New Boston, IL 61272       
Alex Vucetich, 3005 23rd Ave, San Francisco, CA 94132        
John Wade, P. 0. Box 2757, Murphys, CA 95247        
Wayne Wallin, 2752 Autumn Leaves Dr.,Daytona .Beach, FL 32128   
DavId Wells, 7532 N 31” Aye, Phoenix, AZ 85051         
Janis Wild, 103 Ridgewood Dr, San Rafael, CA 94901        
Thomas Williams, 1085 Urlin Aye, Columbus, OH 43212        
Jim Woodring, 9985 Stirling Park Dr., Sacramento, CA 95827      
Glenn Woten, 912 Perrin Ave N. W Winter Haven, FL 33881         
Buddy (Marvin) Wyatt, 4701 .Lindero Dr,  Fort Mohave, AZ  86426       








Maintenance                Subject                                                N/L#

Item No.




Engine Mount Corrosion Alert

High Engine Oil Temperature
Fuel Quantity System
Fuel Vent System
Fuel Shut-Off Valves
Flight Control Rigging
Repetitive Maintenance
Aircraft Painting
Engine/Cylinder Break-In

Main Gear Wheel Alignment
Low Oil Pressure Light
Fuel Tank Selection 17
Fuselage Closing Web Cracks
Formation Flying
Elevator Horn Fitting
Nose Wheel Shimmy
Landing Gear Torque Links
Fuel System
Main Landing Gear Maintenance
Nose Landing Gear Maintenance
Elevator Travel
One Liner Questions
Parts Manufacture
Landing Gear Strut Seal Remove/Install  
VG-21 Pre-Buy Check List
VG-21 Annual Inspection Form
Vacuum System Problems
Interior Maintenance
Modification List
Loss of Engine Oil
Owner Performed Maintenance
Landing Gear Lubrication



FUEL VALVES>>>>>>>>>>>ON
BATTERY SW’S>>>>>>>>>>ON


AMP METER>>>>>>>>>>>CHK
OIL PRESS>>>>>>>>>>>>CHK
ELEC SWS>>>>>>>>>>>>>ON
RADIO FREQ>>>>>>>>>.SET 


HEAD SET>>>>>>>>>>>>ON


CARB HEAT>>>>>>>>>>CHK
BOOST PUMP>>>>>>>>>>ON








FUEL VLV’S>>>>>>>>>>>ON


ELECT SWS>>>>>>>>>>>OFF
HEAD SET >>>>>>>>>>>OFF
MAG SW’S>>>>>>>>>>>>OFF